SuperTrend indicator

Unveiling the Power of the Super Trend Indicator: A Comprehensive Guide

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By Yash Kumar Singh

If you’re venturing into the world of trading, you’ve likely encountered a multitude of technical indicators that promise to enhance your decision-making process. One such indicator that has gained significant popularity is the Super Trend Indicator. In this article, we’ll take you through everything you need to know about this powerful tool, from its definition to its application and advantages. Let’s dive in!

Introduction to the Super Trend Indicator

The Super Trend Indicator is a popular technical analysis tool used by traders to identify trends in the financial markets. It is a versatile indicator that can be applied to various asset classes and timeframes, making it a valuable tool for both short-term traders and long-term investors.

Understanding How the Super Trend Indicator Works

At its core, the Super Trend Indicator is based on the concept of volatility. It takes into account both price and volatility to provide a dynamic representation of the market trend. The indicator plots a line on the price chart, indicating the current trend direction.

Calculating the Super Trend Indicator

The calculation of the Super Trend Indicator involves a series of steps that take into account price movements and volatility. This formulaic approach helps traders identify potential trends and make informed decisions. Let’s break down the calculation process step by step.

Step 1: Calculate the Average True Range (ATR) The first component of the Super Trend Indicator is the Average True Range (ATR). ATR measures the market’s volatility by considering the true range of price movements over a specified period. The true range is the highest of the following three values:

  • The difference between the current high and the previous close
  • The difference between the current low and the previous close
  • The difference between the current high and the current low

Mathematically, ATR is calculated as the exponential moving average (EMA) of the true range over the chosen period. The period is usually set to 14, but traders can adjust it based on their trading style and preferences.

Step 2: Calculate the Basic Upper and Lower Bands Once the ATR is calculated, the next step is to compute the basic upper and lower bands. These bands represent the potential volatility of the market and play a crucial role in determining the Super Trend values.

  • Basic Upper Band (BUB): BUB = High + (ATR * Multiplier)
  • Basic Lower Band (BLB): BLB = Low – (ATR * Multiplier)

The “Multiplier” is a user-defined value that determines the sensitivity of the indicator to price movements. A higher multiplier leads to wider bands, capturing more price fluctuations, while a lower multiplier results in narrower bands.

Step 3: Calculate the Final Upper and Lower Bands The basic upper and lower bands need to be adjusted to account for the prevailing trend. This step ensures that the Super Trend Indicator adapts to changing market conditions.

  • Final Upper Band (FUB) for an Uptrend: FUB = BUB of the previous period or BUB of the current period, whichever is higher
  • Final Upper Band (FUB) for a Downtrend: FUB = BUB of the current period
  • Final Lower Band (FLB) for an Uptrend: FLB = BLB of the current period
  • Final Lower Band (FLB) for a Downtrend: FLB = BLB of the previous period or BLB of the current period, whichever is lower

Step 4: Calculate the Super Trend Value With the final upper and lower bands determined, the Super Trend Value (ST) can now be calculated based on the current price and the position of the price in relation to the bands.

  • Super Trend Value (ST) for an Uptrend: ST = FUB
  • Super Trend Value (ST) for a Downtrend: ST = FLB

Step 5: Interpretation and Application The Super Trend Indicator generates buy signals when the price crosses above the Super Trend Value and sell signals when the price crosses below it. Traders often use these signals as potential entry and exit points.

It’s important to note that the Super Trend Indicator is not foolproof and should be used in conjunction with other technical analysis tools and market research. Additionally, it’s advisable to backtest the indicator on historical data to validate its effectiveness before incorporating it into your trading strategy.

Interpreting Super Trend Values for Informed Trading

In this section, we’ll explore the practical aspects of interpreting Super Trend values and leveraging them to enhance your trading decisions. By understanding how to effectively use Super Trend for trend identification, entry and exit points, and navigating volatile market conditions, you’ll be better equipped to make informed trading choices.

Trend Identification

One of the primary applications of the Super Trend Indicator is trend identification. The indicator’s ability to adapt to changing market conditions makes it a valuable tool for recognizing the prevailing trend direction. Here’s how you can interpret Super Trend values for trend identification:

  • Uptrend: When the Super Trend line is consistently above the price chart, it indicates an uptrend. This suggests that buying opportunities may be favorable as the market is experiencing upward momentum.
  • Downtrend: Conversely, when the Super Trend line consistently lies below the price chart, it signifies a downtrend. This suggests that selling opportunities may be more favorable as the market is showing downward momentum.

By accurately identifying trends, you can align your trading strategies with the prevailing market direction, increasing your chances of success.

Entry and Exit Points

Super Trend is also a valuable tool for identifying potential entry and exit points within a trend. This can help traders make timely and strategic decisions. Here’s how to interpret Super Trend values for entry and exit points:

  • Entry Points: A common strategy is to enter a trade when the price crosses above the Super Trend line during an uptrend or below it during a downtrend. This crossover indicates a potential change in momentum, offering an opportunity to enter a trade in the direction of the trend.
  • Exit Points: Traders often consider exiting a trade when the price crosses below the Super Trend line in an uptrend or above it in a downtrend. This crossover suggests a potential reversal or weakening of the trend, prompting traders to secure profits or minimize losses.

By using Super Trend to identify entry and exit points, you can optimize your risk-reward ratio and maximize your trading gains.

Navigating Volatile Market Conditions

Volatile markets can present challenges and opportunities alike. The Super Trend Indicator can assist you in navigating such conditions by providing insights into potential trend changes. Here’s how to interpret Super Trend values during volatile market conditions:

  • Whipsaws: Whipsaws occur when the price moves back and forth around the Super Trend line, generating multiple false signals. During high volatility, it’s crucial to exercise caution and consider additional indicators or confirmation before making trading decisions.
  • Adapting to Volatility: The Super Trend Indicator adjusts its bands based on volatility. In highly volatile markets, the bands widen to accommodate larger price fluctuations, providing a broader perspective on the trend’s strength and potential reversals.

By being mindful of the Super Trend Indicator’s behavior during volatile periods, you can make more informed choices and mitigate the risks associated with sudden market swings.

In the following sections, we’ll delve deeper into the advantages of incorporating the Super Trend Indicator into your trading strategy and explore best practices for its optimal utilization. This knowledge will empower you to make well-rounded and effective trading decisions.


In conclusion, the Super Trend Indicator is a powerful tool that can significantly enhance your trading decisions by identifying trends, entry and exit points, and volatile market conditions. Its simplicity and compatibility with other indicators make it a favorite among traders of all levels.


  1. What is the Super Trend Indicator?
    • The Super Trend Indicator is a technical analysis tool used to identify trends in financial markets based on price and volatility.


  1. How is the Super Trend Indicator calculated?
    • The Super Trend Indicator is calculated using a formula that takes into account the average true range and a multiplier.


  1. Can the Super Trend Indicator be used for day trading?
    • Yes, the Super Trend Indicator can be effectively used for day trading strategies to identify intraday trends and potential entry/exit points.


  1. Is the Super Trend Indicator suitable for long-term investors?
    • Absolutely, long-term investors can also benefit from the Super Trend Indicator by using it to identify major trends in higher timeframes.


  1. Where can I access the Super Trend Indicator for my trading platform?
    • You can typically find the Super Trend Indicator on most trading platforms, either as a built-in indicator or through third-party plugins.

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